SPRINGFIELD – The shortage of teachers in Illinois has gotten more serious over the past year, reaching into virtually every subject area and region of the state, and forcing schools to either cancel programs, enlarge class sizes or use teachers who are not fully licensed in a particular subject area.
Those are the conclusions of a new report released Monday from the Illinois Association of Regional Superintendents of Schools, which was based on survey responses from 527 of the 858 district superintendents in Illinois.
Of those, the report said, 85 percent reported experiencing some level of teacher shortage this year, up from
78 percent in a similar survey conducted in 2017. Nearly one-third (32 percent) reported a "serious" shortage.
About two-thirds of those responding (63 percent) also reported having a “serious shortage” of substitute teachers.
As a result, the report stated, the superintendents who responded to the survey reported a total of 1,032 vacant positions that still had not been filled by the time classes started in the fall, or were filled by people who were not fully qualified for the position.
“Ultimately, what’s not really stated in there is that there are about 120,000 kids who are being impacted directly by positions that are going unfilled this year,” said Kelton Davis, the regional superintendent for Monroe and Randolph counties, who is chairman of the regional superintendents association.
The report said shortages were reported in almost every subject area, with foreign languages, special education fields and computer science leading the list of classroom subjects. There also were significant shortages of school psychologists and library and media specialists.
Shortages also were reported in every region of the state, although they were more severe in southern and central Illinois than in the suburban districts around Chicago.
In southern Illinois, 94 districts reported seeing "significantly fewer qualified applicants" than they did five years ago. That compares with 90 percent of the districts in central Illinois,
78 percent in northwest Illinois and only 42 percent in the Cook County and surrounding suburbs.
As a result of those shortages, the report said 99 districts reported canceling a total of 225 course offerings because of a lack of qualified teachers, while 86 districts reported converting more than 200 classes to online learning because they lacked a qualified teacher for the subject.
Davis, however, said he knows of many districts that have resorted to putting more students into a classroom or using teachers who are working with a temporary license or an emergency substitute license to fill in gaps.
Nancy Latham, executive director of the Council on Teacher Education at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, said it’s difficult to pinpoint all of the causes of the growing teacher shortage. One of the factors, she said, is that there are more teachers from the “baby boom” generation now retiring than there are young people graduating from schools of education. A big part of that, she said, is about money.
She noted that more than 90 percent of the vacancies reported in 2017 were in schools that received “below-adequate” funding and that had been reducing their staff in recent years.
Another factor, she said, is that the teaching profession no longer has the same kind of allure it once enjoyed.
“If you look at the national media reports over the last five years, the profession has taken a hit,” she said.
In fact, the report referenced a 2018 poll by Phi Delta Kappa, a nationwide professional organization for educators, which found that 54 percent of the adults it surveyed said they would not want their children taking up teaching as a career – the first time a majority of respondents said that in the 50-year history of the survey.
Democratic state Sen. Andy Manar, of Bunker Hill, commented about the report on Twitter, saying the report bolsters his argument in favor of a bill he is sponsoring to phase in an increase in the minimum wage for full-time teachers to $40,000 by the 2023-24 school year.
Davis, however, said there are many districts that could not afford to do that without significantly more state funding or raising local property taxes.
The report recommends that the state take at least three steps to address the shortages: streamlining the process for obtaining substitute teacher licenses, especially for retired teachers who want to go back to work in their old districts; expanding programs for developing new teachers, such as the Grow Your Own Teacher program; and gathering more data to more accurately predict, by district, where shortages will occur and to identify unique challenges facing each district.